Cities of Pawnee County
Located 23 miles west of Larned is Burdett, Ks. The town was originally named Brown's Grove in 1876 in honor of Dr. Gallitin Brown who settled beside a large grove of ash trees. In 1880, the railroad was built and the name was changed to
Burdette in honor of Robert Jones Burdette who was in the newspaper business. Over the years, the last
e in Burdette was inadvertently dropped.
Burdett, located in Pawnee County on K 156 in southwestern Kansas, is the hometown of Clyde Tombaugh. He is credited with the discovery of the following, among other observations:
- A cluster of 1,800 galaxies
- A comet
- Hundreds of asteroids
- Several galactic star clusters
Originally named Camp Criley, in 1872 was a supply station for workmen building the Santa Fe Railroad and Captain J.D. Criley, superintendent of construction. In 1873, members of the Ohio colony filed on 30 pieces of land here and changed the name to Garfield, then congressman from their old district in Ohio, and later President of the United States, President Garfield promised to give a bell to the first church built in the community.
The Wayside chapel (replica of the First Congregational Church-1875) houses the historical bell in Downey Park located in Garfield on Highway 56.
Rozel is located 15 miles west of Larned. The town was founded July 19, 1886, when the Arkansas Valley Town and Land Company acquired the southwest 1/4 from the railroad for $832 and selected a town site consisting of two city blocks. The name Rozel was chosen in honor of a daughter of one of the founders of the Land Company whose name was Rozella. Long before the town was founded, Indian tribes used this immediate vicinity for their camping grounds.
- Gary Patterson, head football coach at TCU
- Glee Smith, Jr., Kansas state legislator and lawyer